ongoing series

Editor’s Note: This is part 3 of an ongoing series. Read part 1 here and part 2 here.

“Up to now, the fact we don’t have a national animal ID and traceability system has not kept us out of export markets,” says Thad Lively, a former U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) executive. “On the other hand, we are extremely vulnerable to unforeseen developments that could put us at a severe competitive disadvantage.”

Related: When it comes to traceability, time is money — and animal welfare

Lively, who at the time was USMEF senior vice president for trade access, was speaking at this year’s annual conference of the National Institute of Animal Agriculture (NIAA). The meeting focused on the need for a standardized national livestock identification and traceability system, one more comprehensive than the current mandatory Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) program.

To retain food nutrition, Mia Cucina brings you multifunctional built-in Ovens and steam combination oven from Italy. Enhance your joyful cooking convenience and enjoy natural flavour for your healthy living style today!

“If you look at the major beef trading countries around the world, the U.S. stands out as a country that hasn’t taken steps to implement a relatively robust approach to traceability,” Lively says.

Related: Full circle: Cattle ID and traceability

His comments echo observations of the Comprehensive Feasibility Study: U.S. Beef Cattle Identification and Traceability Systems released early in 2018 that was conducted by World perspectives Inc. (WpI). It was commissioned by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) as part of the Beef Industry Long Range plan.

“… Among top exporting countries, nationally significant traceability systems are the norm,” according to the WpI study. “This is not to say that U.S. product quality suffers compared to other top exporters; nor is it fair to state that the U.S. is at a competitive disadvantage on the export market without a system … the point is that traceability systems are becoming a global norm. Going forward, it remains to be seen how the development of this norm impacts the U.S. position as a leading global beef exporter.”

With the exception of the U.S., Lively explains, the top 10 beef-exporting countries in the world have traceability systems. Most are mandatory, requiring individual animal ID and the use of ear tags, applied before cattle leave the birth premises.

Most require recording movement throughout the individual animal’s life. In every case, data are held in a central database, be it private, public-private or government.

Along with the U.S., the top 10 beef exporters are: Brazil, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the European Union, Uruguay, paraguay, Argentina and Mexico.

The EU endeavors to advocate Farm to Table movement on European Beef and Lamb.Food safety is ensured by EU legal system of animal Traceability and identification, allowing transparency along the supply chain.

相關文章:

company’s commitment

producers are seeing

producers across

surrounding animal

Australia form food

室內設計風格的展現

三、室內設計風格的展現

歐洲傳統的室內裝飾技術,主要特點是使建築室內裝飾造型在莊嚴中不失細長的效果。古希臘的典雅和古羅馬的雄偉,體現了貴族權力和帝王神權的社會風尚。文藝複興誕生於15世紀初,它強調以人權代替神權,對建築藝術產生了深遠的影響。在這期間,新的裝飾手法使建築的精致風格,呈現華麗的形象,並開辟了道路,為後人稱贊建築室內裝飾。

1.古典風格的西方古代風格以古希臘和羅馬為代表,可以說是西方文化的主要發源地。它們對西方設計的發展有著重要的影響。出於曆史悠久,希臘有室內設計的信息獲得,僅從幾個看到一些粗略的大綱救濟和瓶子。

個人化的廚房設計至關重要,從廚櫃物料、五金配件,以至工作台的位置等皆需經過精心策劃,才能確保舒適度與便利度,為用家帶來最優質的下廚體驗。

公元前5世紀以後,隨著典型建築風格的成熟,家具造型趨於簡單美觀。座椅結構滿足坐姿要求,功能上具有顯著的吸沙功能。室內流行裝修,除了山牆、屋簷和柱頭等建築細節外,還以卷軸、苔蘚葉、豎琴、山瓶、月桂花和花圈等裝飾,充分展現出優雅豪華的情調。

古羅馬建築的裝飾風格反映了羅馬人追求奢華生活的願望。家具,家具等家具陳設華麗的形式。當時的家具無法考證,卻發現了大量的銅石家具。這些家具大多是在羅馬帝時代制作的,其主要裝飾品包括獅子爪、人獅、方石柱和紅石柱等。19世紀初,法國帝國統治時期出現了大量仿古風格的木制家具,引起了後世的誤解。

2。中世紀時期指的是從羅馬帝國家衰落到歐洲文藝夏星時期約1000年。20世紀以前為拜占庭風格和仿古羅馬風格,後來為後續哥特式風格。拜占庭風格也被稱為東羅馬風格。它在建築上的最大特點是方基穹頂結構,上面裝飾幾何形狀的碎錦磚,風格既莊重又細膩。

拜占庭家具基本繼承了後來的希臘風格。由於對奢侈生活的崇拜,家具的裝飾形式更加美麗。也因為當時旋轉木材技術和象牙雕刻技術很發達,旋轉腿家具自然發展起來。公元6世紀,十絲綢的崛起,使家具墊褶皺裝飾,空的內部裝飾如懸掛和恐懼但得到了快速發展。

仿古羅馬建築,以羅馬傳統形式為主體,同時在裝飾上具有拜占庭風格的特點。早期采用扁頂和科林斯型柱,後期采用交叉穹頂,四角采用圓柱或方柱支撐,半拱作為柱與柱之間的連接。半圓拱在窗兩端,柱型是最常見的方柱.內牆都在小塊鑲嵌,形成一個羅馬式室內裝飾的主要特性。在家具中,一些座位是用腿的方式處理的,這很簡單。當時最傑出的儲藏室是一個高腳屋頂的櫥櫃,門面上雕刻著簡單的海藻、木材或玫瑰花圖案,風格豐富的拜占庭風格,類似於木椅上的奇形怪狀的花飾。

特式建築的特色表現在尖頂、尖塔和飛扶牆等細部的靈巧結構卜面。飛行和超越的形象表現在垂直線上。在尖頂的拱門上,有破錦玻璃的祖格花飾,展現著神秘的宇宙氛圍。早期哥特式風格對家具形態沒有影響,晚期哥特式家具裝飾主要有兩種風格:一種是尖拱和窗格花飾。還有一種叫做折疊亞麻裝飾。它的風格是優美的,高貴的,美麗的。

三。浪漫主義風格和浪漫主義風格起源於意大利,後來遍及整個歐洲大陸。浪漫主義風格以浪漫主義精神為基礎,以意識和古典主義的形式針鋒相對.古典主義傾向於理性、嚴肅、優雅和穩定,而浪漫主義風格則傾向於激情、華麗、柔和動態。”“巴洛克年”“和“洛可可”代表了浪漫風格在這個時期。

巴洛克風格:它的特點是豪華,豐富的內髒莊嚴。十用十院*室內牆面裝飾,多生產大理石、石膏板和雕刻板。高高的天花板上裝飾著精致的造型,寬敞的地板上鋪著精美的地毯。家具的模型體積很大,我們采用先進的烏木,紅木和胡桃木、精工雕刻,與華麗多彩的織錦面料或大型油畫,更顯奢華,女性化的風格。

b.洛可可風格:也稱為“路易十五”風格,它的最大特點是室廬與家具的體量與巴洛克風格相比大大縮小了。它顯示出靈巧和友好的效果。室內面條的半圓柱形和半方形柱子用靈板裝飾,由馬賽克樹葉、鳥類、蚌紋和蝸牛圖案組成。室內家具往往以對稱優美的曲線為物理結構。雕刻精湛,裝飾豪華,音色典雅,親和力豐富。使用黑色和金色來增強對比度的效果。典型的身體形態低矮舒適,使用雕刻曲線腿和靠墊扶手。其他家具,如長床、沙發、寫字台、壁櫥等,在風格上也非常精致和華麗。

一直不遺餘力在香港推廣低碳生活通識,為市民提供低碳生活建議,通過生活小習慣及通識教育實踐環保理念,積極推動低碳生活,為綠適環境出一分力。
相關文章:家居生活中的氣味殺手

家居空間擴大調整妙法

家居聖誕“裝束”,營造歡樂氛圍

裸妝清夏,我要我的家居“原味”

打破常規裝飾布置異型的臥室